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ljifo| csf]{ cWofo | 3/

of] lstfasf] k"0f{ efu tyf cflz+s efu s'g} klg k|of]hgsf] nflu k|of]u ug{, 5fKg tyf ;]jsfOsf] lglDt l;sfpg jf lat/0f ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 t/ lalqmsf] nflu eg] k|of]u ug{ ;Sg' x'Gg . olb s;}sf] lglDt tkfO{+nfO{ of] lstfa rflxPdf of] j]a;fO6af6 lng ;Sg'x'G5 M www.shepherdserve.org . ofb ug'{ xf];\ , ls tkfO{+n] of] lstfanfO{ k]m/abn rfFlx ug{ ;Sg' x'Gg . 8]lj8 ;/e]G6df ;jf{lwsf/ -c_@))*

Chapter - Twenty four

cWofo rf}aL;

Confrontation, Forgiveness and Reconciliation

´}—´u8f, Ifdf / ldnfk

;'?sf] cWofodf xfdLn] k|e' o]z"sf] 8fF8fsf] pkb]z cWoog ubf{, xfdLnfO{ xfd|f] la?4df ck/fw ug]{ dflg;x¿nfO{ Ifdf lbg' slt dxTjk"0f{ /x]5 eGg] s'/f xfdLn] l;Sof}F . olb xfdLn] ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf ub}{gf}F eg], k/d]Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ Ifdf ug'{ x'g] 5}g eg]/ k|e' o]z"n] s8fOsf;fy k|lt1f ug'{ ePsf] 5 -x]g'{xf];\ dQL ^M!$–!%_ .

s;}nfO{ Ifdf ug'{sf] cy{ s] xf] < wd{zf:qn] s] l;sfpFb5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ xfdL ca larf/ u/f}F .

k|e' o]z"n] Ifdf lbg] s'/fnfO{ s;}sf] C0f dfkmL ug]{ s'/f;Fu t'ngf ug'{ ePsf] 5 -x]g'{xf];\ dQL !*M@#–#%_ .

s;}n] tkfO{sf] k};f C0fdf nu]sf] 5 / Tof] C0f r'Qmf ug]{ s'/faf6 To; JolStnfO{ 5'6sf/f ul/Psf] 5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ sNkgf ug'{xf];\ . tkfO{n] p;sf] gfddf ePsf] C0fsf] /]s8{ ul/Psf sfuhftx¿nfO{ gi6 u/L lbg' x'G5 . ca tkfO{Fn] paf6 Tof] C0f lt/f];\ eGg] cfzf ug'{ x'Gg / tkfO{sf] lC0fL;Fu tkfO{ l/;fpg' klg x'Gg . ca tkfO{n] p;nfO{ tkfO{sf] k};f lC0fdf rnfPsf] ;doeGbf leGg} tj/n] x]g'{ x'G5 .

k/d]Zj/af6 Ifdf kfpg'sf] cy{ s] xf] eg]/ olb xfdLn] hfGof}F eg] Ifdf lbg'sf] cy{ klg s] xf] eGg] s'/fnfO{ xfdLn] emg /fd|f];Fu a'‰g ;Sb5f}F . ha pxfFn] xfd|f] kfk Ifdf ug'{ x'G5, ta pxfFn] xfdLn] pxfFnfO{ ck|;Gg t'NofPsf] s'/fsf] lx;fa km]l/ /fVg' x'Gg . Tof] kfksf] sf/0f ca km]l/ pxfF slxn] l/;fpg' x'Gg . pxfFn] xfdLn] u/]sf] kfksf] nflu xfdLnfO{ tf8gf jf ;hfo lbg' x'g] 5}g .

To;/L g}, olb d}n] ;fFRr} g} s;}nfO{ Ifdf ub{5' eg], d}n] To; JolStnfO{ Åbob]lv g} p;nfO{ bof u/]/ Gofo jf abnfsf] nflu ePsf] d]/f] OR5fdfly ljho u/]/ 5'6sf/f lbg' kb{5 . d]/f] la?4df ck/fw ug]{ Tof] JolSt;Fu ca d km]l/ l/;fO/xg' x'Fb}g . xfdLn] ldnfk u/]sf x'G5f} . olb d}n] s;}sf] la?4df d]/f] l/;nfO{ cf>o lbO/x]sf] 5' jf a}dg:o /fvL 5f]8]sf] 5' eg], d}n] p;nfO{ Ifdf lbPsf] 5'Og .

o; ;DaGwdf v|Lli6ogx¿n] k|fo M u/]/ cfk"mnfO{ d"v{ agfPsf x'G5g\ . ltgLx¿n] s;}nfO{ Ifdf ug'{ kb{5 eg]/ hfg]s} sf/0f Ifdf lbO{ ;s]sf] 5' eg]/ eGb5g\ , t/ ltgLx¿sf] leqkl§ rFflx ltgLx¿n] a}dg:onfO{ cem} klg cf>o lbO/x]sf x'G5g\ . ltgLx¿n] cfk"mn] Ifdf ug'{ kg]{ JolStnfO{ b]Vg klg rfxFb}gg\ . lsgeg] To; s'/fn] ltgLx¿sf] /L; km]l/ klg ;txdf cfpFb5 . d s] elg/x]sf]5' eg]/ dnfO{ yfxf 5, lsgeg] d}n] klg To;} u/]sf]5' . cfpg'xf];\ , ca xfdLn] cfkm}nfO{ d"v{ gagfcf}F . k|e' o]z"n] xfdLnfO{ xfd|f] ;+uL–ljZjf;L;Fu gl/;fPsf xf}F eg]/ ;d]t rfxg' x'G5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ :d/0f ug'{xf];\ -x]g'{xf];\ dQL %M@@_ .

ca d tkfO{nfO{ Pp6f k|Zg ;f]45' M s;nfO{ Ifdf lbg ;lhnf] x'G5, Ifdf dfUg] JolStnfO{ ls Ifdf gdfUg] JolStnfO{ < jf:tjdf, cfˆgf] uNtL :jLsf/ u/]/ Ifdf dfUg] JolStnfO{ Ifdf lbg ;lhnf] x'G5 eg]/ xfdL ;a}hgf ;xdt x'G5f}F . Ifdf gdfUg] JolStnfO{ eGbf Ifdf gdfFUg] JolStnfO{ Ifdf lbg Jojxfl/s ¿kdf c;Dej x'G5 h:tf] b]lvG5 .

ca xfdL o;nfO{ csf]{ tl/sfn] x]/f}F . olb kZrftfk ug]{ JolStnfO{ Ifdf lbg OGsf/ ul/G5 eg], ToL b'j} s'/f unt xf], s'g rFflx ;aeGbf 7"nf] kfk xf] eg]/ xfdL ;a}hgf ;xdt x'G5f}+ h:tf] dnfO{ nfUb5 .

A surprise from scripture

wd{zf:qaf6 cfZro{hgs s'/f

oL ;a} s'/fn] dnfO{ csf]{ k|Zglt/ 8f]¥ofpFb5 M cfkm}nfO{ gd| t'NofP/ cfˆgf] kfk :jLsf/ gu/]/ Ifdf;d]t gdfFUg] xfd|f] la?4df kfk ug]{ x/]snfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf u/]sf xf}+ eGg] s'/fsf] ck]Iff s] k/d]Zj/n] ug'{ x'G5 t <

ha xfdL wd{zf:qnfO{ ulx/f] ¿kdf cWoog ub{5f}F, ta To;sf] hjfa æxf]OgÆ eGg] s'/f xfdL kfpFb5f}+ . w]/} v|Lli6ogx¿sf] cfZro{hgs s'/fsf] nflu wd{zf:qn] :ki6 ¿kdf eGb5, ls xfdLx¿n] x/]snfO{ k|]d ug'{ k5{ eg]/ cf1f ul/Psf] eP tfklg, x/]snfO{ Ifdf ug'{ k5{ eg]/ xfdLnfO{ elgPsf] 5}g .

pbfx/0fsf] nflu, xfd|f] la?4df ck/fw ug]{ xfd|f] ;ËL ljZjf;LnfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf u/]sf xf}F eg]/ s] k|e' o]z"n] ;fdfGo tj/n] ck]Iff ug'{ x'G5 < cxF, pxfFn] ug'{ x'Gg . gqeg] t, pxfFn] dQL !*M!%–!& df ;'lrt ul/Psf] ldnfksf rf/j6f sbdx¿nfO{ cg';/0f ug'{ eg]/ eGg' x'g] lyPg, h'g sbdx¿n] olb To; JolStn] kZrftfk ub}{g eg] p;Fusf] ;+rf/sf] cGt ul/lbg] sfd ub{5g\ M

æltd|f] efOn] ltd|f] la?4df ck/fw u¥of] eg] uP/ ltdLx¿ b'O{ dfq x'Fbf To;sf] bf]if b]vfO{ b]pm, olb To;n] ltd|f] s'/f ;'Gof] eg], ltd|f] efO cfˆgf] eof] . t/ To;n] ;'g]g eg] cfˆgf] ;fy c? Ps jf b'O{hgfnfO{ n}hfpm / b'O{ cyjf tLg ;fIfLåf/f k|To]s s'/f kSsf xf];\ . olb To;n] ltgLx¿sf s'/f klg ;'Gg OGsf/ u¥of] eg] d08nLnfO{ eg . To;n] d08nLsf] s'/f klg ;'Gg OGsf/ u¥of] eg], Tof] ltd|f] nflu lawdL{ / s/ p7fpg] ;/x xf];\ .Æ

:ki6 ¿kdf, olb rf}yf] sbd;Dd k'luPsf] 5 eg] -alx:sf/sf] cj:yf;Dd_ Ifdf / alx:sf/ c;fdfGh:o sfo{x¿ ePsf]n], To; JolStnfO{ Ifdf lbOGb}g . s;}n] æxfdLn] To;nfO{ Ifdf lbP/ To;kl5 alx:sf/ klg u/L lbof+}Æ eg]sf] ;'Gbf cgf}7f] nfUg ;S5, lsgeg] Ifdfsf] k/0ffd ;DaGwsf] laR5]b xf]Og t/ ldnfk xf] -olb k/d]Zj/n] æd}n] ltdLnfO{ Ifdf lbPF, t/ cab]lv ltdL;Fu d]/f] s]xL sfd 5}gÆ eg]/ eGg' eof] eg], tkfO{nfO{ s] nfU5 <_ . k|e' o]z"n] To; alx:sf/ ul/Psf] JolStnfO{ ox"bLx¿;Fu ;DaGw gePsf / ltgLx¿af6 3[l0ft ePsf b'O{ k|sf/sf dflg;x¿ ælawdL{ -cGo hflt_ / s/ p7fpg]x¿Æ sf] ¿kdf Jojxf/ ug'{ egL xfdLnfO{ eGg' ePsf] 5 .

ck/fw ug]{ JolStn] kZrftfk gu?Gh]n;Dd klxnf], bf];|f] jf t];|f] sbd lnO{ ;s]kl5 p;n] kZrftfk u/]g eg] dfq} rf}yf] sbddf p;nfO{ Ifdf glbg' eg]/ eGg' eof] . olb p;n] s'g} klg cj:yfdf kZrftfk ub}{g eg], p;nfO{ csf]{ sbddf n}hfg' k5{ / cem} klg p;nfO{ kZrftfk gu/]sf] ck/fws} ¿kdf Jojxf/ ul/g' kb{5 . Tof] ck/fw ug]{ JolStn] ætkfO{sf] s'/f :jLsf/ u¥of] eg]Æ dfq} -Tof] rFflx, kZrftfk u¥of] eg]_, tkfO{+n] cfˆgf] efOnfO{ cfˆgf] agfpg' eof]Æ eg]/ eGg ;lsG5 -Tof] rFflx ldnfk u/]sf] eof]_ .

em}—emu8fsf] nflu k|of]hg x'G5 h;n] ubf{ Ifdfbfg k|bfg ug{ ;lsG5 . h] eP tfklg, ck/fw ug]{ JolStsf] kZrftfkdfly Ifdfbfg k|bfg ul/G5 . To;}n] xfdL -!_ ck/fw ug]{ JolStn] kZrftfk u/f];\ eGg] cfzfn] -@_ p;Fu ;fdgf ub{5f}F -#_ h;n] ubf{ xfdLn] p;nfO{ Ifdf lbg ;S5f}F .

oL ;a} s'/f o:t} eP/, xfd|f] la?4df ck/fw ug]{ / p;Fusf] ;fdgf kZrft klg kZrftfk gug]{ ;ËL–ljZjf;LnfO{ s]jn Ifdfbfg lbgsf] nflu k/d]Zj/n] xfdLaf6 lgZro ck]Iff ug'{ x'G5 eg]/ xfdL eGg ;S5f}+ . o;n] jf:tjdf, ck/fw ug]{ ljZjf;LnfO{ 3[0ff ug]{ clwsf/ rFflx lbFb}g . a? To;sf] cnfjf, xfdLn] Tof] JolStnfO{ k|]d u/]sf] / To;nfO{ Ifdf lbP/ p;Fu ldnfk ug{ rfxg] ePsf] sf/0f To;sf] Ifdf ug]{ sfd ub{5f}F .

t/} klg k|e' o]z"n] lbg' ePsf tLgj6f sbdx¿åf/f ldnfksf] nflu x/]s sbddf xfdLn] k|oTg ubf{ klg ePg eg] rf}yf] sbdn] v|Li6sf] cf1fkfngdf ePsf] ;DaGwnfO{ ;dfKt u/L lbG5 .^# h;/L Jolerf/ ug]{, lkoSs8, ;dlnËL tyf To:t} c? sfo{x¿ ug]{ v|Lli6og egfpFbfx¿;Fu xfd|f] s'g} klg ;+ult x'Fb}g -x]g'{xf];\ ! sf]l/GyL %M!!_, To;/L g} ;Dk"0f{ v|Li6sf] z/L/sf] ;fd~h:otfdf kZrftfk ug{ grfxg] s'g} klg v|Lli6og egfpbfx¿;Fu ;+ult ug'{ x'Fb}g . o:tf] k|sf/sf dflg;x¿n] ltgLx¿sf] vfFrf] cg'ofoLx¿ xf]Ogg\ eg]/ cfk}mnfO{ k|dfl0ft u/]sf 5g\ / ltgLx¿n] pxfFsf] d08nLdf lgGbf NofpFb5g\ .

God's Example

k/d]Zj/sf] pbfx/0f

ha xfdLn] c?x¿nfO{ Ifdf ug{sf] nflu xfd|f c? lhDd]jf/Lx¿sf] af/]df larf/ ub{5f}F, ta xfdLn] k/d]Zj/n] ug{ grfxg' ePsf] s'/f xfdLn] u/]sf xf}F egL pxfFn] lsg ck]Iff ug'{ x'G5 eg]/ crDe dfGg klg ;S5f}F . lgZro klg k/d]Zj/n] bf]ifL dflg;x¿nfO{ k|]d ug'{ x'G5 / ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf ug{sf] nflu cfˆgf] s[kfk"0f{ xft ltgLx¿k|lt km}nfpg' x'G5 . pxfFn] cfˆgf] j|mf]w lems]/ ltgLx¿nfO{ kZrftfk ug{ ;do lbg' x'G5 . t/ jf:tjdf ltgLx¿n] Ifdf kfPsf] s'/f ltgLx¿s} kZrftfkdfly e/ kb{5 . bf]ifL dflg;x¿n] kZrftfk gu?Gh]n;Dd ltgLx¿nfO{ k/d]Zj/n] Ifdf ug'{ x'Gg . To;f] eP xfdLaf6 pxfFn] c? w]/} s'/f rfxg' x'G5 eg]/ xfdLn] lsg ;f]FRg] <

oL ;a} o:t} eP/ xfdLaf6 Ifdf dfFUg]x¿nfO{ laz]if u/]/ Ifdf glbPsf] kfk k/d]Zj/sf] b[li6df clt g} ;Gtflkt x'G5 eGg] s'/f s] ;Dej 5}g / < k|e' o]z"n] d08nLsf] cg'zf;g ;DaGwL lbg'ePsf] rf}yf] sbdkl5 kq';n] ;f]w]sf] s'/f rfvnfUbf] 5, æk|e' d]/f] efOn] sltkN6 d]/f] la?4df ck/fw u/] d}n] To;nfO{ Ifdf ug]{ < s] ;ftkN6;Dd <Æ k|e' o]z"n] ltgLnfO{ eGg' eof], æd ltdLnfO{ eGb5' , ;ftkN6 xf]Og, t/ ;Q/L u'0ff ;ftkN6Æ -dQL !*M@!–@@_ .

kZrftfk gug]{ efOn] ;okN6 kfk u¥of] eg] ;okN6 g} Ifdf lbPsf] x'g' k5{ egL k|e' o]z"n] ck]Iff ul//xg' ePsf] lyof] egL s] kq';n] ;f]Fr]sf] lyof], hals k|e' o]z"n] ev{/} kZrftfk gug]{ efOnfO{ p;sf] Pp6f kfksf] sf/0f lawdL{ -cGo hflt_ jf s/ p7fpg]nfO{ em}F Jojxf/ ug{' egL eGg' ePsf] lyof] < Tof] s'/f Psbd cg'lrt h:tf] nfUb5 . km]l/ klg, olb tkfO{n] p;nfO{ Ifdf u/L ;Sg' ePsf] 5 eg], p;nfO{ tkfO{n] 3[l0ft JolStsf] ¿kdf Jojxf/ ug'{ x'Fb}g . xfd|f] ;f]FrfO{nfO{ pTkGg ug]{ csf]{ k|Zg o:tf] 5 Molb kZrftfk gug]{ ljZjf;Ln] ;okN6;Dd klg slxn] kZrftfk ub}{g eg] To:tf] ljZjf;LnfO{ Ifdf ul/Psf] xf];\ eGg] k|e' o]z"n] xfd|f] ;DaGwnfO{ :yflkt ub}{ ck]Iff ug'{ x'G5 eg], xfd|f] j}jflxs hLjgdf Jolerf/ h:tf] Pp6f kfk dfq} u/]/ kZrftfk gubf{ lsg pxfFn] xfd|f] j}jflxs ;DaGwnfO{ ;dfKt ug]{ cg'dlt lbg' x'G5 t -x]g'{xf];\ dQL %M#@_ <^# Tof] t a? c;+ult h:tf] kf] b]lvG5 t .

An Elaboration

Ps ;+If]k

k|ToIf ¿kdf k|e' o]z"n] kq';nfO{ cfˆgf] efOnfO{ rf/;o gAa]kN6 Ifdf ug'{ kb{5 eg]/ egL ;Sg' ePkl5, pxfFn] s] eGg vf]Hg' ePsf] lyof] eg]/ kq';nfO{ a'emfpgsf] nflu b[i6fGt eGg' eof] M æo;}sf/0f :ju{sf] /fHo Pp6f /fhf;Fu t'ngf ug{ ;lsG5, h;n] cfˆgf gf]s/x¿;Fu lx;fa lng] OR5f u/] . ha ltgn] lx;fa lng nfu], bz xhf/ ;'gsf] l;Ssf C0f lng] PshgfnfO{ ltgLsxfF NofOof] -k|e' o]z"sf] ;dodf Tof] cf};t >ldsx¿sf] nflu lbOg] %))) aif{sf] nflu Hofnf lyof]_ t/ To; dflg;n] ltg{ g;Sbf To;sf dflnsn] To;nfO{ / To;sf :jf:gL / 5f]/f—5f]/L / To;sf ;a} yf]s a]rL C0f r'sfpg] x's'd lbP . ta To; gf]s/n] 3'F8f 6]sL ltgsf kfpdf k/]/ eGg nfUof], ædflns, ddfly w}o{ ug'{xf];\ , d tkfO{sf] ;a} C0f r'sfpg]5' .Æ clg To; gf]s/sf] dflnsn] l67ofP/ To;nfO{ 5f]8L lbP / To;sf] C0f dflkm u/L lbP . t/ To; gf]s/n] lg:s]/ hfFbf cfˆgf] ;ËL–gf]s/x¿dWo] PshgfnfO{ e]6\of], hf] To;sf] Ps;o rfFbLsf l;Ssfsf] C0fL lyof] -Ps;o lbgsf] Hofnf a/fa/sf]_ p;n] To;nfO{ 3f]j|mfdf kj|m]/ eGof], æt]/f] C0f ltl/xfn .Æ To;}n] To;sf] ;ËL–gf]s/n] 3f]K6f] k/]/ To;nfO{ lalGt u¥of], æddfly w}o{ u/, / d ltdLnfO{ ;a} ltl/ lbg]5' .Æ t/ Tof] dfg]g, / uP/ C0f glt?Gh]n;Dd p;nfO{ ‰ofnvfgfdf xfnL lbof] . To;sf ;ËL–gf]s/x¿n] oL ;a b]v]/ ltgLx¿ clt b'lvt eP . ltgLx¿n] uP/ oL ;a 36gf cfˆgf dflnsnfO{ atfO{ lbP . clg dflnsn] To; gf]s/nfO{ cfk"msxfF af]nfP/ eg], æP b'i6 gf]s/, t}Fn] d;Fu lalGt ul/;\ / d}n] tFnfO{ t]/f] C0f dfkL u/L lbPF . d}n] tFdfly bof u/]em}F t}Fn] klg t]/f] ;ËL–gf]s/dfly bof ug'{ kg]{ lyPg < ta To;sf] dflnsn] j|m'4 eP/ To;nfO{ ;a} C0f glt?Gh]n;Dd b08 lbg]x¿sf xftdf ;'lDklbP . ltdLx¿n] cfˆgf] efOnfO{ cfˆgf] Åbob]lv Ifdf u/]gf} eg], :ju{df x'g' x'g] d]/f lktfn] klg ltgLx¿;Fu To:t} ug'{ x'g]5Æ -dQL !*M@#–#%_ .

klxnf] gf]s/n] cfˆgf dflns;Fu dfkmL dfu]sf] sf/0f p;nfO{ ltgn] Ifdf u/L lbPsf] s'/fnfO{ Wofg lbg'xf];\ . clg bf];|f] gf]s/n] klg klxnf] gf]s/;Fu gd|tfk"j{s Ifdf dfu]sf] s'/fnfO{ klg Wofg lbg'xf];\ . klxnf] gf]s/n] bf];|f] gf]s/nfO{ p;n] kfPsf] h:tf] dfkmL u/L lbPg / To;sf] sf/0fn] To;sf] dflns l/;fPsf] lyof] . k|e' o]z"n] cfˆgf] b[i6fGtdf pNn]v gug'{ ePsf] pkdf h:t} slxn] klg Ifdf gdfu]sf] Ps ckZrftfkL efOnfO{ Ifdf lbgsf] nflu kq';;Fu ck]Iff ul//xg' ePsf] lyof] eg]/ kq';n] ;f]Fr]sf] lyof] < To:tf] t b]lvGb}g, / Tof]eGbf a9L ckZrftfkL efOnfO{ /fd|f];Fu ;fdgf u/L ;s]kl5 p;nfO{ cGohfltx¿ jf s/ p7fpg]x¿nfO{ h:t} Jojxf/ ug'{ eg]/ dfq ev{/} k|e' o]z"n] eGg' ePsf] lyof] .

of] s'/f o:tf] klg b]lvG5, ls olb xfdLn] xfd|f] Åboaf6 xfd|f] efOnfO{ Ifdf ub}{gf} eg] k|e' o]z"n] k|lt1f ug'{ ePsf] ;hfosf] k|sfzdf Pp6f kZrftfk gug]{ efOnfO{ Ifdf lbgsf] nflu cfzf ul/Psf] lyof] eg]/ kq';n] ;f]Fr]sf] x'g ;S5 . xfd|f klxn]sf ;a} Ifdf ePsf C0fx¿ k'gM :yflkt x'g]5g\ / xfdLn] slxn] klg ltg{ g;Sg] s'/f xfdLn] glt?Gh]n;Dd b08 lbg]x¿sf] xftdf xfdLnfO{ ;'DkL lbOg]5 eg]/ k|lt1f ug'{ ePsf] 5 . k/d]Zj/n] ;d]t Ifdf gug'{ x'g] Tof] cfˆgf] efOnfO{ Ifdf gug]{ v|Lli6ogsf] lglDt s] Tof] Pp6f ;hfo dfq xf] < olb Pp6f efOn] d]/f] la?4df kfk ub{5 eg], p;n] k/d]Zj/sf] la?4df kfk ub{5 / p;n] kZrftfk gu?Gh]n;Dd k/d]Zj/n] p;nfO{ Ifdf ug'{ x'Gg . pxfFn] Ifdf gu/]sf] JolStnfO{ d}n] Ifdf gubf{ s] k/d]Zj/n] dnfO{ ;hfo lbg ;Sg' x'G5 t <

A Synopsis

Pp6f ;+If]k

n"sf !&M#–$ df k|e' o]z"sf jrgx¿åf/f pxfFn] xfd|f] Ifdf lbg] ;ËL—ljZjf;Lx¿sf] nflu ug'{ ePsf] ck]Iff s] xf] eg]/ ;+lIfKt ¿kdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 M

æcfˆgf] ljifodf xf]lzof/ a; . ltd|f] efOn] ck/fw u¥of] eg] To;nfO{ xKsfpm / To;n] kl5tf] u¥of] eg] ltdLn] To;nfO{ Ifdf u/ . clg olb ltd|f] efOn] lbgdf ;ftkN6 ltd|f] la?4df ck/fw u¥of] / ;ft}kN6 ltdLsxfF kmsL{ cfP/ æd k5'tf] u5'{Æ eGof] eg] ltdLn] To;nfO{ Ifdf ug'{Æ .

of] s'/f of]eGbf slt :ki6 x'g' kb{5 / < xfd|f ;ËL—ljZjf;Lx¿n] kZrftfk ubf{ xfdLn] ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf ug'{ kb{5 . ha xfdL k|fy{gf ub{5f}+, æxfd|f ck/fwLx¿nfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf u/]em}F, xfd|f ck/fwx¿ Ifdf u/L lbg'xf];\Æ eg]/ eGb5f}F, o;f] ubf{ xfdLn] c?x¿nfO{ h] u/]sf 5f}F ToxL ug{sf] nflu k/d]Zj/l;t lalGt ul//x]sf x'G5f}F . xfdLn] Ifdf gdfu];Dd pxfFaf6 xfdLn] Ifdfsf] ck]Iff slxn] klg ug{ ;Sb}gf}F . To;f] eP h;n] Ifdf g} dfUb}gg\ ltgLx¿nfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf lbPsf xf}F eg]/ pxfFn] ck]Iff ug'{ x'G5 eg]/ xfdLn] lsg ;f]RFg] <

km]l/ klg, xfd|f] la?4df kfk ug]{ v|Li6df ePsf xfd|f bfh'—efO tyf lbbL—alxgLx¿sf] la?4df xfdLn] a}dg:onfO{ cf>o lbgsf] nflu o; s'/fn] clwsf/ lbFb}g . xfdLnfO{ Psn] csf{nfO{ k|]d ug{sf] nflu cf1f ul/Psf] 5 . To;}sf/0f xfd|f] la?4df ck/fw ug]{ ;ËL–ljZjf;L;Fu ;fdgf ug'{ kg]{ s'/fsf] nflu ltgLx¿n] u/]sf] axfgf dfq xf] . jf:tjdf, ltgLx¿n] Ifdf ub}{gg\ / of] s'/f ltgLx¿sf] sfdaf6 g} :ki6 x'G5 . h'g ;'s} d'No r'sfP/} eP klg ltgLx¿sf] sfdaf6 g} :ki6 x'G5 . h'g ;'s} d'No r'sfP/} eP klg ltgLx¿n] cfˆgf ck/fwLx¿nfO{ OGsf/ ub{5g\ / k|fo M u/]/ ltgLx¿nfO{ pgx¿n] rf]6 k'¥ofpg] k|sf/sf s'/fx¿ af]Nb5g\ . ToxfF ldnfk g} x'Fb}g .

xfdLn] kfk ubf{ k/d]Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ xfdLleq x'g' ePsf] kljq cfTdfåf/f ;fdgf ug'{ x'G5, lsgeg] pxfFn] xfdLnfO{ k|]d ug'{ x'G5 / xfdLnfO{ Ifdf ug{ rfxg' x'G5 . xfdLn] xfd|f] la?4 kfk ug]{ ;ËL–ljZjf;Lx¿nfO{ k|]dk"j{s ;fdgf ub}{ pxfFsf] cg's/0f ug'{ kb{5, h;n] ubf{ ToxfF kZrftfk, Ifdf / ldnfk eGg] s'/f x'g]5 .

k/d]Zj/n] ;Fw} cfˆgf dflg;x¿af6 laz'4 ¿kdf Psn] csf{nfO{ o:tf] k|]d u?g\ eGg] s'/fsf] ck]Iff ug'{ x'G5, ls h'g\ k|]ddf a}dg:otf geP/ Psn] csf{nfO{ ;'wf/sf] nflu xKsfpg ;d]t cg'dlt lbG5 . df]zfsf] Joj:yfleq cf1f klg ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 M æcfˆgf] efO—aGw'l;t Åbodf b'ZdgL g/fv, cfˆgf] l5d]sLnfO{ v'Nndv'Nnf gxKsfcf], gqtf tF klg To;sf] ck/fwdf ;xefuL xf]nf;\ . cfˆgf cfkmGtx¿l;t abnf lng gvf]h, / OaL g/fv, t/ cfˆgf] l5d]sLnfO{ cfkm}nfO{ em}F k|]d u/, dg} k/dk|e' x'FÆ -n]jL !(M!&–!*_ .

An Objecton

Pp6f cfklQ

t/ ds"{; !!M@%–@^ df ePsf] k|e' o]z"sf jrgx¿sf] af/]df rFflx s] t < dflg;x¿n] xfdL;Fu Ifdf dfu] klg jf gdfu] klg x/]s s'/fsf] nflu JolStnfO{ Ifdf ug'{ k5{ eg]/ s] ltgLx¿n] b]vfpFb}gg\ / <

æha ltdLx¿ k|fy{gf ug{ v8f x'G5f}, ta s;}sf] la?4df ltdLx¿sf] s]xL 5 eg], Ifdf u/, tfls :ju{df x'g' x'g] ltdLx¿sf lktfn] klg ltdLx¿sf ck/fwx¿ Ifdf u/L lbpmg\ . t/ olb Ifdf u/]gf} eg], :ju{df x'g' x'g] ltdLx¿sf lktfn] klg ltdLx¿sf ck/fwx¿ Ifdf ug'{ x'g] 5}g .Æ

o; ljifodf xfdLn] klxn] g} x]/]sf c? ;a} kbx¿dWo]df of] Pp6f kbn] dfq :yfg lnFb}g . xfdLn] klxn]af6} yfxf kfof}F, ls xfdL;Fu Ifdf dfFUg] dflg;x¿nfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf glbFbf k/d]Zj/nfO{ slt ;Gtfk x'G5 . To;}n] xfdLn] o; kbnfO{ /fd|/L :yflkt ePsf] tYo s'/fsf] k|sfzdf JofVof ug{ ;Sb5f}F . olb xfdLn] k/d]Zj/af6 Ifdf kfpg rfxG5f}F eg], xfdLn] klg c?x¿nfO{ Ifdf lbg' k5{ eg]/ dfq k|e' o]z"n] oxfF hf]8\\ lbO/xg' ePsf] 5 . pxfFn] Ifdf ;DaGwL s'g} laz]if oflGqs s'/fx¿ oxfF elg/xg' ePsf] 5}g .

k|e' o]z"n] pxfFaf6 Ifdf kfpgsf] nflu xfdLn] k/d]Zj/l;t Ifdf dfu]sf] x'g' k5{ eg]/ klg elg/xg' ePsf] 5}g eGg] s'/fnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbg'xf];\ . To;f] eP, s] xfdLn] k/d]Zj/nfO{ slt ;Gtfk lbO/x]sf 5f}+ . To;}n] xfdLn] o; kbnfO{ /fd|/L :yflkt ePsf] tYo s'/fsf] k|sfzdf JofVof ug{ ;Sb5f}F . olb xfdL k/d]Zj/af6 Ifdf kfpg rfxG5f}F eg], xfdLn] klg c?x¿nfO{ Ifdf lbg' k5{ eg]/ dfq k|e' o]z"n] oxfF hf]8\ lbO/xg' ePsf] 5 . pxfFn] Ifdf ;DaGwL s'g} laz]if ofGqLs s'/fx¿ oxfF elg/xg' ePsf] 5}g .

k|e' o]z"n] pxfFaf6 Ifdf kfpgsf] nflu xfdLn] k/d]Zj/l;t Ifdf dfu]sf] x'g' k5{ eg]/ klg elg/xg' ePsf] 5}g eGg] s'/fnfO{ ;d]t Wofg lbg'xf];\ . To;f] eP, s] xfdLn] k/d]Zj/sf] Ifdfbfg ;DaGwL wd{zf:qn] l;sfPsf] k|To]s s'/fnfO{ xfdLn] of] dfFUg' k5{ eGg] s'/fdfly eljiojf0fL u/]sf] eg]/ cjx]ngf u/f}F t -x]g'{xf];\ dQL ^M!@, ! o"xGgf !M(_ < k|e' o]z"n] pNn]v gug'{ ePsf]n] xfdLn] kfk ubf{ k/d]Zj/af6 Ifdf dfFUg cfjZos 5}g eg]/ s] xfdLn] dflglng] t < wd{zf:qn] xfdLnfO{ h] s'/f eGb5 To;sf] cfwf/df Tof] s'/f] a'l4dfgLk"0f{ x'Fb}g . c?x¿n] xfdL;Fu Ifdf dfu]sf] cfwf/df xfdLn] ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf lbg] ;DaGwdf wd{zf:qn] l;sfPsf] x/]s s'/fnfO{ cjx]ngf ug'{ eg]sf] klg TolQs} d'v{tfk"0f{ x'G5 .

Another Objection

csf]{ cfklQ

k|e' o]z"n] cfˆgf] sk8f nufpg] l;kfxLx¿sf] lglDt ælktf, ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf u/L lbg'xf];\, lsgeg] ltgLx¿n] s] ul//x]sf 5g\ , ;f] ltgLx¿ hfGb}gg\Æ -n"sf @#M#$_ eg]/ s] pxfFn] k|fy{gf ug'{ ePsf] lyPg < dflg;x¿n] Ifdf gdflusg} k/d]Zj/n] ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf ug'{ x'G5 eg]/ o;n] b]vfpFb}g .

o;n] u5{, t/ Pp6f lglZrt cj:yfdf dfq} . k/d]Zj/n] cGhfgx¿nfO{ Ifdfsf] ¿kdf s[kf ug'{ x'G5 . k/d]Zj/ k"0f{ ¿kdf GofoL x'g' x'G5, dflg;x¿nfO{ ltgLx¿n] kfk ul//x]sf 5g\ eg]/ hfg]sf]df dfq} pxfFn] To;sf] n]vf lng' x'G5 .

k|e' o]z"n] l;kfxLx¿sf] nflu k|fy{gf ug'{ ePsf] s'/fn] :ju{df ltgLx¿sf] :yfgnfO{ 7f]s'jf lbPsf] lyPg — t/ ltgLx¿n] k/d]Zj/sf k'qsf] sk8f efu nufPsf]df ltgLx¿ pQ/bfoL x'g' kg]{ lyPg / ltgLx¿n] pxfFnfO{ pxfF sf] x'g' x'G5 egL ghfg]sf] sf/0fn] dfq pxfFn] ltgLx¿sf] nflu k|fy{gf u/L lbg' ePsf] lyof] eg]/ dfq of] k|fy{gfn] lglZrt u/fpFb5 . ltgLx¿n] pxfFnfO{ k|f0f b08sf] nflu of]Uo Ps ck/fwLsf] ¿kdf dfq} ljrf/ u/]sf lyP . To;}n] ltgLx¿n] jf:tjd} ul//x]sf] sfdsf] nflu ltgLx¿n] kfpg] Gofosf] lglDt k/d]Zj/n] cfˆgf] s[kf km}nfpg' eof] .

xfdLn] klg tL dflg;x¿sf] nflu s[kf b]vfpg' kb{5 h;n] xfd|f] lglDt k|e' o]z"sf] sk8fnfO{ cGo hflt l;kfxLx¿sf] efu nufPem}F cGhfgdf xfd|f] la?4df sfd u/]sf 5g\ . xfdLn] cljZjf;Lx¿nfO{ l5§} s[kf u/]sf] xfd|f zq'x¿nfO{ k|]d u/]sf], xfdLnfO{ 3[0ff ug]{x¿nfO{ enfO{ u/]sf], xfdLnfO{ ;/fKg]x¿nfO{ cflzif lbPsf] / xfdLk|lt unt Jojxf/ ug]{x¿sf] nflu k|fy{gf u/L lbPsf] k|e' o]z" rfxg' x'G5 -x]g'{xf];\ n"sf ^M@&–@*_ . xfdLn] ltgLx¿sf] 3[0ffnfO{ xfd|f] k|]dn] kufNg, / v/faLnfO{ enfOn] lhTgsf] nflu k|oTg ug'{ kb{5 . of] cjwf/0ff df]zfsf] Joj:yfdf klg pNn]v ul/Psf] lyof]— æolb ltdLx¿n] cfˆgf] zq'sf] uf]? / uwf laRs]/ hfFb} u/]sf] b]Vof} eg], To;nfO{ kmsf{P/ km]l/ To;sxfF NofO{ b]cf] . ltdLx¿l;t l/;–OaL ug]{sf] uwf ef/Ln] lyr]sf] b]Vof} eg], To;nfO{ Tolts} g5f]8, t/ To;nfO{ p7fcf]Æ -k|:yfg @#M$–%_ .

æolb t]/f] zq' ef]sfPsf] 5 eg], To;nfO{ vfgsf] lglDt ef]hg b]cf], / olb Tof] ltvf{pF5 eg], To;nfO{ lkpg kfgL b]cf], lsgls o;f] ugf{n] t}Fn} To;sf] 6fpsf]df hln/x]sf] e'ª\u|f] vGofpg] 5;\ / k/dk|e'n] tFnfO{ Ogfd lbg' x'g]5Æ -lxtf]kb]z @%M@!–@@_ .

of] s'/f rfv nfUbf] 5, ls k|e' o]z"n] xfdLnfO{ xfd|f zq'x¿nfO{ k|]d ug{, xfdLnfO{ 3[0ff ug]{x¿sf] enfO{ ug{, xfdLnfO{ ;/fKg]x¿nfO{ cflzif lbg, / xfdLk|lt v/fa Jojxf/ ug]{x¿sf] lglDt k|fy{gf u/L lbg' eg]/ cf1f ug'{ eP tfklg -x]g'{xf];\ n"sf ^M@&–@*_, ltgLx¿dWo] s'g}nfO{ Ifdf u/L lbg' egL pxfFn] slxn] xfdLnfO{ eGg' ePsf] 5}g . jf:tjdf xfdLn] dflg;x¿nfO{ Ifdf gu/] klg k|]d ug{ ;S5f}F — h;/L k/d]Zj/n] dflg;x¿nfO{ Ifdf gu/]sf] eP tfklg ltgLx¿nfO{ k|]d ug'{ x'G5 . xfdLn] ltgLx¿nfO{ k|]d ug{ dfq ;Sg] xf]Og, t/ k/d]Zj/n] xfdLnfO{ k|]d ug'{ eg]/ cf1f ug'{ eP adf]lhd xfdLn] ltgLx¿nfO{ k|]d ug'{ kb{5 . clg xfd|f] sfdx¿åf/f ltgLx¿k|lt xfdLn] u/]sf] k|]d k|s6 ePsf] x'g' kb{5 .

k|e' o]z"n] cfˆgf] sk8f efu ug]{ l;kfxLx¿sf] nflu lktf;Fu ltgLx¿nfO{ Ifdf u/L lbg'xf];\ egL k|fy{gf ug'{ ePsf] s'/fsf] sf/0fn] dfq of] s'/f k|dfl0ft u/L lbFb}g tfls o; laifodf xfdLn] cWoog u/]sf] wd{zf:qdf ePsf] x/]s s'/fnfO{ Wofg glbPsf xf]cf}F eg]/ / xfd|f] la?4df cfpg] x/]snfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf u/]sf xf]cf}F egL k/d]Zj/ rfxg' x'G5 . o;n] t a? of] s'/f l;sfpF5, ls h;n] xfd|f] la?4df cGhfgdf kfk ub{5 To;nfO{ xfdLn] Ifdf ug'{ kb{5 / cljZjf;Lx¿nfO{ 5'§} s[kf b]vfpg' kb{5 .

The Practice of Matthew 28:15-1

dQL !*M!%–!& sf] cEof;

k|e' o]z"n] lbg' ePsf rf/j6f ldnfksf sbdx¿nfO{ a'‰gsf] nflu ;fdfGo k|sf/sf] eP tfklg, jf:tjdf ltgLx¿nfO{ Jojxf/df ptfg'{ rFflx clns hl6n x'g;S5 . ha k|e' o]z"n] tL rf/j6f sbdx¿sf] ;"rL lbg' eof], ta pxfFn] of] lbFbf o:tf] ljrf/n] lbg' ePsf] lyof], ls ÚsÚ eGg] efOn] cfˆgf] uNtL :jLsf/ u¥of] / 7Ls To:t} k|sf/n], clg ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] p;sf] la?4df ck/fw u¥of] . jf:tljstfdf, h] eP tfklg, ÚsÚ eGg] efO unt x'g ;S5 . To;}n] cfpg'xf];\, ca xfdLn] Tof] cj:yfnfO{ sNkgf u/f}F, h;df /x]s ;Defljt b[Zo n]vnfO{ ljrf/ ug{ ;lsG5 .

olb ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] ÚsÚ eGg] efOsf] la?4df ck/fw u/]sf] 5 eg]/ ÚsÚ eGg] efOn] :jLsf/ u¥of] eg], p;n] ÚvÚ eGg] efOsf] cfFvfdf ePsf] w'nf]sf] s0f e]§fpgsf] nflu p cfnf]lrt x'Fb}g eg]/ klxn] lglZrt x'g' kb{5 -x]g'{xf];\ dQL &M#–%_ . olb ÚsÚ eGg] efOn] ljz]if ck/fwsf] nflu ÚvÚ eGg] efOk|lt ck|zGg ePsf] cfk"mnfO{ kfpFb5 eg], p;n] Tof] efO;Fu ;fdgf ug'{ kb{5 .

p;n] ÚvÚ eGg] efOnfO{ cfˆgf] k|]d k|s6 ub}{ k|e' o]z"sf] cf1fnfO{ kfng u/]/ JolStut ¿kdf of] sfd u/]sf] x'g' kb{5 . p;sf] clek|foM k|]d x'g' kb{5 / ldnfksf] nIo p;n] /fv]sf] x'g' kb{5 . p;n] cfˆgf] la/f]wL efOsf] af/]df c? s;}nfO{ klg eGg' x'Fb}g . æk|]dn] g} c;+Vo kfkx¿ 9fSb5Æ -! kq'; $M*_ . olb xfdLn] s;}nfO{ k|]d ub{5f}F eg], xfdLn] p;sf kfkx¿ k|s6 u/L lbb}gf}F, xfdLn] 9fsL lbg' kb{5 .

p;n] u/]sf] ;fdgf, cfˆgf] k|]d k|s6 ub}{, eb| vfnsf] x'g' k5{ . p;n] o;/L eGg' kb{5, æefO ÚvÚ d ;fFRr} g} xfd|f] ;DaGwnfO{ d'Nojfg 7fGb5' . t/ s'g} s'/f ePsf] 5, h;n] d]/f] Åbodf tkfO{sf] la?4df kvf{n v8f u/L lbPsf] 5 . Tof] kvf{n ToxL ePsf] d rfxGg / To;}n] d}n] tkfO{FnfO{ tkfO{+n] d]/f] la?4df kfk ug'{ ePsf] 5 eg]/ d}n] lsg dx;'; u/]+ eg]/ atfpg} kb{5, h;n] ubf{ xfdL ldnfkdf cfpg] sfd ug{ ;S5f}F . clg olb of] ;d:of Nofpg] d}n] s'g} sfd u/]sf] 5' eg], tkfO{+n] dnfO{ eGg'xf];\ .Æ clg p;n] eb|tfsf ;fy Tof] ck/fw s] xf] eg]/ ÚvÚ eGg] efOnfO{ atfO{ lbg]5 .

w]/}h;f] cj:yfx¿df ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] ÚsÚ eGg] efOsf] la?4df ck/fw u/]sf] 5' eg]/ dx;'; u/]sf] x'Fb}g, / ha p;n] rfF8f] u/L Tof] s'/f yfxf kfpFb5, ta p;n] Ifdf dfFUb5 . olb To:tf] x'G5 eg], ÚsÚ eGg] efOn] ÚvÚ eGg] efOnfO{ t'/Gt} Ifdf u/L lbO{ xfNg' kb{5 . clg ldnfkn] :yfg lnPsf] x'G5 .

csf]{ ;Defljt b[Zon]v rFflx of] xf], ls efO ÚsÚ n] efO ÚvÚk|lt u/]sf] ck/fwsf] af/]df eg]/ ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] pk|lt k|dfl0ft ug]{ sf]lzif ug]{5 . olb s'/f To:tf] x'G5 eg], ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] ÚsÚ eGg] efO;Fu klxn] g} Tof] s'/fsf] af/]df egL ;s]sf] x'g' kb{5 . t/ sDtLdf klg ca clGtddf s]xL eGg] s'/f / ldnfksf] cfzf x'G5 .

o:tf] cj:yfx¿df, lk8Lt kIfx¿n] s] ePsf] lyof] egL 5nkmn ug'{ k5{, x/]sn] uNtL jf bf]if b]vfO{ lbg] k|oTg ug'{ k5{ / Ps–csf{af6 Ifdf cfbfg–k|bfg ug]{ s'/fnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg' kb{5 . To;f] x'Fbf ldnfksf] sfd k"/f x'Fb} uPsf] x'G5 .

t];|f] b[Zon]v rFflx ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ b'j} ldnfk ug{ c;Ifd ePsf x'G5g\ . To;}n] ubf{ ltgLx¿nfO{ ;xof]usf] vfFrf] x'G5, / bf];|f] sbddf hfg] ;do eg]sf] oxL ;do xf] .

Step Two

bf];|f] sbd

ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ b'j} efOx¿ ldnfksf] sbddf sfd ug{sf] nflu ;xefuL ePsf 5g\ eg] Tof] Psbd /fd|f] x'G5 . sfNklgs ¿kdf eGg'kbf{, ÚuÚ / Ú3Ú eGg] efOx¿n] ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] b'j} efOx¿nfO{ lrg]sf] / ltgLx¿nfO{ k|]d u/]sf] x'g' kb{5, / o;f] x'Fbf ltgLx¿df kIfkft eGg] s'/f x'Fb}g . clg ÚuÚ / Ú3Ú eGg] efOx¿n] ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] efOx¿nfO{ k|]d / cfb/k"j{s ;Demfpg] sfd u/]sf] x'g' kb{5 . olb ÚvÚ eGg] efO of] a'Fbfdf cfP/ ;xdt ePsf] 5}g eg], Ps jf b'O{hgf c? ;xfotf k'¥ofpg ;Sg] JolStx¿ vf]Hg] s'/f ÚsÚ eGg] efOdf e/ kb{5 .

olb ÚuÚ / Ú3Ú eGg] efOx¿ a'l4dfg 5g\ eg], ltgLx¿n] ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] b'j} efOx¿sf] d'Vo larf/x¿ g;'gLsg k}m;nf ub}{gg\ . ÚuÚ / Ú3Ú eGg] efOx¿n] PskN6 km};nf u/L ;s]kl5, ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] efOx¿n] ltgLx¿sf lg0f{ok|lt ;dlk{t eP/ cfˆgf] bf]if :jLsf/ ug'{ kb{5 clg Ifltk"lt{ ug]{ sfd ug'{ kb{5 h'g s'/f Pshgf jf csf]{hgf cyjf b'j}af6 dfFu ul/G5 .

ÚuÚ / Ú3Ú efOx¿n] ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] efOx¿dWo] Pshgfn] dfq} jf:tjdf kZrftfk ug'{ kg]{ 7fpFdf b'j}hgfnfO{ kZrftfk ug{ nufP/ sd JolStut lhDd]jf/L lng / w]/} lg:kIf eP/ b]vf kg'{ sf]lzif ug'{ x'Fb}g . ltgLx¿nfO{ yfxf x'g' kb{5 ls olb ÚsÚ jf ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] ltgLx¿n] u/]sf] km};nfnfO{ OGsf/ ub{5 eg], Tof] s'/f ;Dk"0f{ d08nLsf] ;fd' Nofpg' kb{5 / ltgLx¿sf] sdhf]/ km};nf x/]ssf] lglDt k|df0f x'g]5 . ;a}nfO{ t'ngf u/]/ ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ b'j};Fusf] ltgLx¿sf] ldqtfnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{sf] nflu ÚuÚ / Ú3Úåf/f ;fdgf ul/Psf] of] k/LIff, ltgLx¿n] ;Todf Psn] csf{nfO{ h;/L alnof] t'Nofpg ;S5g\ To;/L g} b'O{hgf Gofostf{x¿ x'g' Pshgf x'g'eGbf pQd xf] eGg] s'/fsf] nflu c;n sf/0f xf] . o;sf] cltl/St, ltgLx¿sf] lg0f{o ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ sf] cufl8 7"nf] ef/L af]Sg' em}F x'G5 .

Step Three

sbd tLg

olb ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ n] Úu / Ú3Úsf] km};nfnfO{ OGsf/ u/] eg], Tof] s'/fnfO{ k"/} d08nLdf n}hfg' kb{5 . a}wflgs d08nLx¿df of] t];|f] sbd slxn] klg ul/Gb}g— clg c;n sf/0fsf] nflu— cGttf]uTj o;sf] k/0ffd rFflx d08nLdf dflg;x¿ Psflt/ nfUg] ub{5g\ / d08nLdf laefhg cfpFb5 . k|e' o]z"n] 3/]n' d08nLeGbf 7"nf] d08nL ePsf] xf];\ eg]/ :yfgLo d08nLsf] af/]df slxn] ljrf/ ug'{ ePsf] lyPg . ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] efOx¿nfO{ x/]sn] hfGg] / ltgLx¿nfO{ jf:tf k'¥ofpg ;Sg] of] ;fgf] ;d"x ePsf] kfl/jf/Ls jftfj/0fsf] d08nL t];|f] sbdsf] nflu ljrf/ ul/Psf] wd{zf:qLo cjwf/0ff xf] . Pp6} a}wflgs d08nLdf, ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ b'j}nfO{ lrGg] / ltgLx¿nfO{ k|]d ug]{ dflg;x¿ ePsf] ;fgf] ;d"xsf] ;Gbe{df of] t];|f] sbdsf] k|of]u ul/g' kb{5 . olb ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ leGg—leGg} :yfgLo d08nLx¿sf] eP tL b'j} d08nLx¿sf w]/} pQd ;b:ox¿n] lg0f{o ug]{ e'm08sf] ¿kdf ;]jf ug'{ kb{5 .

d08nLn] PskN6 km};nf u/L ;s]kl5 ÚsÚ / ÚvÚ eGg] b'j} efOx¿n] To;df cjf1fsf] kl/0ffd s] x'G5 eg]/ hfgLsg ;dlk{t ePsf] x'g' kb{5 . cfˆgf] uNtL :jLsfg]{, Ifdf dfFUg], / ldnfk ug]{ sfd ePs} x'g' kb{5 .

cfˆgf] uNtL :jLsf/ ug'{ kg]{ s'/fsf] dfFunfO{ olb ÚsÚ jf ÚvÚ eGg] efOn] OGsf/ ub{5 eg], p;nfO{ d08nLaf6 lg:sf;g ul/g' kb{5 / d08nLleqsfx¿ s;}n] klg p;Fu slxn] ;+ult ug'{ x'Fb}g . of] ;dob]lv k|foM Tof] ckZrftfkL JolSt cfk;] cfkm x6]/ hfg]5 / olb Tof] JolStn] k|s[ofsf] s'g} klg sbddf cfˆgf] s'/fnfO{ 5f]8\b}g eg], p;nfO{ To;} ul/g]5 . o; s'/fn] p;n] cfˆgf] cflTds kl/jf/nfO{ k|]d ug{sf] nflu p;sf] z'4 ;dk{0ftfsf] cefj /x]5 eGg] s'/fnfO{ k|s6 ub{5 .

A common Problem

;fdfGo ;d:of

a}wflgs d08nLx¿df, dflg;x¿n] Pp6f d08nLnfO{ 5f8]/ csf]{ d08nLdf uP/ cfˆgf] emu8fsf] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ;fdfGo tj/n] u/L xfNb5g\ , hxfF kfi6/n] cfˆg} /fHo h'g;'s} d'No r'sfP/ eP klg lgdf{0f ug{ rfxG5g\ / h;sf] c? kfi6/x¿;Fu ;fFrf] ¿kdf ;DaGw g} x'Fb}g, / ltgLx¿n] To:tf] k|sf/sf dlfg;x¿nfO{ :jfut u/L xfNb5g\ / ltgLx¿;Fu cfˆgf] s'/fx¿ /fVb5g\ . o:tf] k|sf/sf] gd"gfn] v|Li6sf] ldnfk ;DaGwL ul/Psf cf1fx¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf lg:k|efj kf/L lbG5g\ . clg ;fdfGo ¿kdf, s]xL dlxgf jf jif{kl5 To:tf] k|sf/sf] kfi6/n] :jfut u/]sf] Tof] JolStn] p;sf] d08nLdf klg To:t} u/]/ Tof] d08nL klg 5f8]/ csf]{ d08nL uO{ xfNb5 .

3/x¿ cf6\Fg] vfnsf ;fgf–;fgf d08nLx¿ x'g\ eGg] k|e' o]z"n] ck]Iff ug'{ ePsf] lyof], clg :yfgLo kfi6/x¿÷PN8/x¿÷ / lazkx¿n] Pp6} z/L/df sfd ug]{5g\ eGg] pxfF rfxg' x'GYof] . o;/L Pp6f d08nLsf] alx:sf/ ul/Psf] ;b:o k|efjsf/L ¿kdf ;a} d08nLx¿af6 alx:s[t g} x'g]5 . x/]s kfi6/÷PN8/÷ / lazksf] sfd olb sf]xL v|Lli6og cfˆgf] d08nLdf cfpFb}5 eg] p;sf] d08nLsf] k[i7e"ldsf] af/]df ;f]w]/ To; JolStnfO{ :jfut ug]{ ls gug]{ eg]/ p;sf] klxn]sf] d08nLsf] cu'jfx¿nfO{ ;Dks{ u/L ;f]Wg] pQ/bfloTj xf] .

God's Intention for a

Holy

Church

kljq d08nLsf] nflu k/d]Zj/sf] dg;fo

a}wflgs d08nLdf x'g] csf]{ ;fdfGo ;d:of rFflx s] xf] eg] ltgLx¿ k|foM u/]/ w]/} dflg;x¿n] el/Psf] x'G5g\ hf]x¿ sf]xLk|lt lhDd]jf/L 5g\ ls 5}gg\ eg]/ ;fgf] s'/fsf] nflu klg b]vfpgsf] nlfu g} eP klg pkl:yt x'g] ub{5g\ . lsgeg] ltgLx¿sf ;DaGwx¿ :jefj}n] z'4 ¿kdf ;fdflhs vfnsf] dfq x'G5g\ . To;/L sf]xL klg laz]if u/]/ kfi6/x¿, ltgLx¿n] cfˆgf] hLjg s;/L lhpFb5g\ eg]/ hfGb}gg\ / ckljq dflg;x¿n] lg/Gt/ ¿kdf ltgLx¿ pkl:yt x'g] d08nLdf sn+s nufpg] sfd ub{5g\ . clg To;kl5 aflx/sfx¿n] v|Lli6ogx¿nfO{ cGohfltx¿eGbf leGg} vfnsf] /x]g/x]5g\ egL Gofo ub{5g\ .

a}wflgs d08nLx¿sf] o; k|sf/sf] agf}6n] g} hf];'s}nfO{ klg oxL s'/fn] k/d]Zj/sf] kljq d08nLsf] nflu pxfFsf] dg;fo a}wflgs d08nL xf]Og /x]5 eGg] s'/fn] k|dfl0ft ul/lbG5 . ckljq / sk6L vfnsf dflg;x¿ ;Fw} 7"nf–7"nf a}wflgs d08nLx¿df v|Li6sf] gfddf sn+s Nofpg n'ls/x]sf x'G5g\ . t/ klg xfdLn] dQL !*M!%–!& df xfdLn] k9]sf] s'/faf6 of] yfxf kfpFb5f}, k|e' o]z"n] :ki6 ¿kdf pxfFsf] d08nL kljq dflg;x¿n] el/Psf] xf];\ eGg] rfxg'x'G5 hxfF z/L/ cfkm} z'4 ePsf] ;dlk{t ;b:ox¿ x'G5g\ . ;+;f/n] d08nLnfO{ x]b{5 / pxfFsf] z'4 b'nxLnfO{ b]Vb5 . cfh ltgLx¿n] dxfg j]ZofnfO{ b]lv/x]sf 5g\ , hf] cfˆgf] kltsf] nflu ljZjf;3ftL ePsL 5] .

d08nLsf] :jMz'4tf ;DaGwL of] O{Zj/Lo cjwf/0ff kfjnn] sf]l/Gydf ePsf] d08nLsf] cfnf]rgfTds cj:yfnfO{ ;Daf]wg ubf{ k|dfl0ft ePsf] lyof] . z/L/sf] Pp6f u|x0fof]Uo c+u jf:tjdf cfˆg} ;f}t]gL cfdf;Fu Jolerf/sf] ;DaGwdf lhO/x]sf] lyof]M

æltdLx¿sf aLrdf Jolerf/ 5 eGg] s'/f kSsf u/L ;'lgPsf]5, o:tf] Jolerf/ hf] cGohfltx¿df klg x'Fb}g . ltdLx¿dWo] s'g} Pshgfn] cfˆg} afa'sL :jf:gL /fv]sf] 5 /] . ltdLx¿ rFflx 3d08 u5f}{, ltdLx¿n] t zf]s ug'{ kg]{ lyPg / < o:tf] sfd ug]{nfO{ ltdLx¿sf aLraf6 x6fcf]÷lsgls d z/L/df pkl:yt geP klg, cfTdfdf d ltdLx¿;Fu 5' , d pkl:yt ePem}F u/L o:tf] sfd ug]{sf] Gofo d}n] u/L ;s]sf] 5' . ha ltdLx¿ xfd|f k|e' o]z"sf] gfpFdf e]nf x'G5f} / d cfTdfdf ltdLx¿;Fu pkl:yt x'G5' , clg xfd|f k|e' o]z"sf] zlQm ToFxL x'G5 To; dflg;nfO{ z}tfgsf] xftdf ;'DkL b]cf], tfls To;sf] kfkdo :jefj gfz xf];\ , clg k|e' o]z"sf] lbgdf To;sf] cfTdf rFflx afFrf];\ === d}n] d]/f] kqdf ltdLx¿nfO{ Jolerf/Lx¿sf] ;+ut gug'{ eg]/ n]v]sf] lyPF, To;sf] cy{, o; ;+;f/sf Jolerf/Lx¿, nf]eLx¿ jf n"6fxfx¿ jf d"lt{k"hsx¿;Fu laNs'n} ;+ut gug'{ eg]sf] xf]Og, gqtf ltdLx¿ ;+;f/af6} lgl:shfg' kYof]{, t/ o:tfsf] ;+ut gug'{ eg]/ d}n] ltdLx¿nfO{ n]v]F, h;n] cfkm}nfO{ ljZjf;L efO x'F egL eG5, t/ jf:tjdf Jolerf/L, jf nf]eL jf d"lt{k"hs jf lgGbf ug]{ jf dtjfnf jf n"6fxf xf], To:tf] dflg;;Fu t vfg klg ga; . lsgls aflx/sfx¿sf] OG;fkm ug{ dnfO{ s] vfFrf] < s] ltdLx¿n] d08nL leqsfx¿sf] Gofo ug'{ kb}{g / < aflx/sfx¿sf] Gofo k/d]Zj/n] g} ug'{ x'G5 . ltdLx¿n] cfˆgf] aLraf6 b'i6 dflg;x¿nfO{ lgsfnL b]cf]Æ -! sf]l/GyL %M!–%, (–!#_ .

Tof] dflg;nfO{ ldnfksf sbdx¿åf/f lng' cfjZos lyPg lsgeg] Tof] ;fFrf] ljZjf;L xf]Og eGg] s'/f kSsf ePsf] lyof] . To;}n] cfk"mnfO{ æljZjf;L efO xF'Æ eGYof] t/ jf:tjdf Tof] æb'i6 dflg;Æ lyof] eg]/ kfjnn] :ki6 ¿kdf eg]sf 5g\ . o;sf] cltl/Qm kl5Nnf s]xL kbx¿df kfjnn] n]Vb5g\ ,

æcyjf cwdL{x¿ k/d]Zj/sf] /fHosf xsbf/ x'Fb}gg\ eGg] s] ltdLx¿nfO{ yfxf 5}g < wf]vf gvfcf]— cg}ltsx¿, d"lt{k"hsx¿, Jolerf/Lx¿, ;dlnËL, k'?ifufdLx¿, rf]/x¿, nf]eLx¿, dtjfnfx¿, lgGbf ug]{x¿, n'6fxfx¿ k/d]Zj/sf] /fHosf] xsbf/ x'g] 5}gg\Æ -! sf]l/GyL ^M(–!)_ .

:ki6 ¿kdf, sf]l/Gysf] d08nLdf ePsf] dflg;em}F hf]x¿ cg}lts 5g\ , ltgLx¿n] ltgLx¿sf] ljZjf;sf] e"m6f] s'/fx¿ u/]/ wf]vfdf k/]sf x'G5g\ eg]/ kfjnn] 7Ls;Fun] ljZjf; u/]sf lyP . To:tf] k|sf/sf dflg;x¿nfO{ efOx¿sf] ¿kdf Jojxf/ ug'{ x'Fb}g / To:tfx¿nfO{ ldnfksf] rf}yf] sbddf klg Nofpg' x'Fb}g . ltgLx¿nfO{ alx:sf/ u/]/ æz}tfgsf] xftdf ;'lDklbg'Æ kb{5, h;n] ubf{ d08nLn] cfk"mnfO{ wf]sfdf kfg'{ kb}{g / To;n] ubf{ k|e' o]z"sf] lbgdf p4f/ kfpgÆ sf] nflu -! sf]l/GyL %M%_ ltgLx¿n] kZrftfksf] vfFrf]nfO{ b]Vg]5g\ eGg] cfzf ug{ ;lsG5 .

cfh ;+;f/el/ ePsf 7"nf–7"nf d08nLx¿df, slxn]—sfFxL ;of}F dflg;x¿n] cfk"mnfO{ vL|li6og eg]/ t eGb5g\ , hf]x¿ afOanLo tj/n] x]g'{ xf] eg], ljZjf;Lx¿ xf]Ogg\ / ltgLx¿nfO{ jf:tjdf alx:sf/ ul/Psf] x'g' k5{ . wd{zf:qn] xfdLnfO{ :ki6 ¿kdf b]vfpFb5, ls d08nLaf6 kZrftfk gu/]sf cg}lts, Jolerf/L, ;dlnËL, dtjfnfx¿ / To:t} c? sfo{x¿ ug]{x¿nfO{ x6fpgsf] nflu d08nLsf] lhDd]jf/L xf] . t/ klg o:tf dflg;x¿n], cg'u|xÆ sf] em08fd'lg cfh klg d08nLsf] ;dy{g e'm08df :yfg kfPsf 5g\ hxfF To:t} k|sf/sf] ;d:of ePsf c? æljZjf;Lx¿Æ åf/f ltgLx¿n] pT;fx kfpg ;S5g\ . of] k|e' o]z" v|Li6sf] ;'–;dfrf/sf] hLjg kl/jt{g ug]{ zlQmsf] nflu Pp6f nfhdbf]{ s'/f xf] .

Fallen Leaders

ktg ePsf cu'jfx¿

cGtdf, olb Pp6f uDeL/ 5fkdf ktg ePsf] -h:t} Jolerf/df kmF;]sf]_ cu'jfn] kZrftfk u¥of] eg] s] To;n] cfk"mn] u'dfPsf] p;sf] kbdf kZrftfk ug]{ lalQs} t'/Gt} p k'g:yf{lkt x'g' k5{ < k|e'n] kZrftfk ug]{ cu'jfnfO{ t'/Gt} Ifdf u/L lbOxfNg' eP tfklg -clg d08nLn] klg Ifdf u/L lbOxfn] tfklg_ Tof] ktg ePsf] cu'jfn] p;n] ;]jsfO{ u/]sf dflg;x¿af6 Tof] ljZjf;nfO{ u'dfPsf] x'G5 . e/f];f Tof] rLh xf] h;nfO{ sdfOPsf] x'G5 . To;}sf/0f, ktg ePsf cu'jfx¿ :jo+n] ltgLx¿sf] cu'jfkgsf] :yfgnfO{ 5f]8\g' kb{5 / ltgLx¿n] cfˆgf] e/f];fnfO{ km]l/ klg k|dfl0ft gu?Gh]n;Dd s'g} cflTds JolStnfO{ Tof] kb ;DxfNgsf] nflu ;'DkL lbg' kb{5 . ltgLx¿n] Tof] sfd u/L xfNg' k5{ . e/f];fnfO{ k'gM k|fKt ug{sf] nflu gd| eP/ ;fgf] tl/sfdf ;]jf ug{nfO{ hf]x¿n] OR5f ub}{gg\ ltgLx¿nfO{ d08nLsf] s;}n] klg cu'jfsf] ¿kdf dflglng' x'Fb}g .

In Sunmmary

;f/f+zdf

ctL{ lbg, xKsfpg, ;T;fx lbg / w}o{df / lzIff lbg] s'/fdf gr'Sgsf] nflu af]nfOPsf r]nf agfpg] ;]jsx¿n] -@ ltdf]yL $M@_ xfd|f] af]nfj6sf] lglDt zd{ gdfgf}F_ . ;Fw} s[kf b]vfpg] x'g', cfjZos k/]sf] a]nfdf eb|tfsf;fy ;fdgf ug{, cfjZos k/]sf] a]nf ;fdgf ug{sf] nflu c?x¿sf] ;xfotf lng, / Ifdf dfFUbf Ifdf lbP/ Ps—csf{nfO{ ;fFrf] ¿kdf k|]d ug{sf] nflu xfd|f r]nfx¿nfO{ l;sfcf} . 6'6]sf] ;DaGwnfO{ ;fFrf] ¿kdf rFufO{ gNofpg] e"m6f] k|sf/sf] IfdfeGbf of] slt pQd s'/f x'Fb5 . clg k|e'sf] d08nLnfO{ z'4 / kljq /fVg / pxfFsf] gfpFsf] k|z+;f ug{sf] nflu x/]s kl/k|]Ifdf pxfFsf] cf1fkfng ug{sf] nflu k|oTg u/f}F .

;fdgf ug]{ / d08nLsf] cg'zf;gsf] ;DaGwdf cwLs cWoog ug'{ k/]df, x]g'{xf];\ /f]dL !^M!&–!*, @ sf]l/GyL !#M!–#, unftL @M!!–!$, @ ly:;nf]lgsL #M^, !$–!%, ! ltdf]yL !M!(–@), %M!(–@), ltt; #M!)–!!, ofs"j %M!(–@), @ o"xGgf !)–!) .


^# olb alx:sf/ ul/Psf] JolStn] kl5 uP/ kZrftfk u¥of] eg], k|e' o]z"n] Tof] Ifdf lbOPsf] xf];\ eGg] s'/fsf] ck]Iff ug'{x'G5 ls x'Gg eGg] s'/fsf] k|Zg v8f x'G5 .

^# olb Jolerf/L hf]8L v|Lli6og xf] eg], ;DaGw laR5]bsf] sbddf hfg'eGbf cufl8 ldnfksf] nflu k|e' o]z"n] eGg' ePsf] tLgj6f sbdx¿åf/f eP/ xfdL hfg' kb{5 . olb Tof] Jolerf/ ug]{ JolStn] kZrftfk ub{5 eg], k|e' o]z"n] cf1f ug'{ eP cg';f/ xfdLn] Ifdf u/]sf] x'g' kb{5 eGg] ck]Iff ul/Psf] 5 .